Aletho News


Boycotting Israel a Constitutional Right and Personal Obligation

By Stephen Lendman | July 20, 2019

In NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. (1982), a landmark civil rights case, the Supreme Court unanimously upheld the organization’s right to boycott white-owned businesses in Mississippi – protesting against segregation and racial injustice, its constitutional right.

The ruling stressed that states may not prohibit peaceful advocacy of a politically-motivated boycott, what First Amendment rights are all about.

Yet 28 states enacted legislation, restricting or banning individuals or entities doing business with the state if advocate boycotting Israel.

Their measures defy the Supreme Court’s ruling and fundamental First Amendment right of free expression — wanting the constitutionally protected right to boycott or otherwise publicly criticize Israel delegitimized, falsely equating it to anti-Semitism.

Only eight US states so far haven’t introduced or considered a measure in some form against boycotting the Jewish state.

Last May, the ACLU stressed the unconstitutionality of these laws, judicially struck down in Kansas, Arizona, and Texas by federal courts, the ACLU saying:

The rulings affirm “that the right to boycott is protected under the First Amendment… (They’re) stinging rebuke(s)  of state legislators and members of Congress who have repeatedly attempted to strip the American people of that very right.”

Hardliners at the federal and state levels want anti-boycott laws enforced, no matter their unconstitutionality.

In January, on behalf of 13 constitutional scholars, Colombia University’s Knight First Amendment Institute filed am amicus brief in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals — “explaining that BDS boycotts are protected by the First Amendment in Jordahl v. Brnovich (Arizona).”

The constitutional scholars include:

William D. Araiza (Brooklyn Law School); Jack Balkin (Yale Law School); Erwin Chemerinsky (University of California, Berkeley, School of Law); Owen Fiss (Yale Law School); Katherine Franke (Columbia Law School); Jeremy Kessler (Columbia Law School); Seth F. Kreimer (University of Pennsylvania Law School); Genevieve Lakier (University of Chicago Law School); Burt Neuborne (New York University School of Law); Robert Post (Yale Law School); Amanda Shanor (University of Pennsylvania); Geoffrey R. Stone (University of Chicago Law School); Nadine Strossen (New York Law School).

Knight Institute staff attorney Ramya Krishnan said “(t)his is an easy First Amendment case.”

“Politically motivated consumer boycotts are a form of protected speech, as the Supreme Court held almost four decades ago.”

“The First Amendment forecloses a state (or federal government) from suppressing or burdening a political boycott simply because it disagrees with the boycott’s message.”

The Arizona law was struck down by a federal state district court.

In April, the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) Palestine Legal, and the Law Office of Matthew Strugar filed an amicus brief in the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals in support of striking down an anti-BDS Arkansas law — calling it “part of a broader effort to suppress speech in support of Palestinian human rights.”

Days earlier, Rep. Ilhan Omar introduced HR 496: “Affirming that all Americans have the right to participate in boycotts in pursuit of civil and human rights at home and abroad, as protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution.”

The measure was referred to the House Judiciary Committee for further action. It’s co-sponsored by Rep. John Lewis and Palestinian-American Rep. Rashida Tlaib.

Omar said the following: “We are introducing a resolution… to really speak about the American values that support and believe in our ability to exercise our first amendment rights in regard to boycotting.”

The measure “affirms that all Americans have the right to participate in boycotts in pursuit of civil and human rights at home and abroad, as protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution.”

It “opposes unconstitutional legislative efforts to limit the use of boycotts to further civil rights at home and abroad.”

It “urges Congress, states, and civil rights leaders from all communities to endeavor to preserve the freedom of advocacy for all by opposing anti-boycott resolutions and legislation.”

The measure counters HR 246 (March 2019) — “Opposing efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel and the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel” — co-sponsored by Rep. John Lewis, making it unclear what he supports.

It’s impossible to be for and against the same thing. Throughout his tenure in Congress since 1987, Lewis expressed strong support for Israel, ignoring its appalling human and civil rights abuses against Palestinians, along with its high crimes of war and against humanity.

On July 17, the Arab American Institute endorsed HR 496, urging its members and supporters to write or email their congressional representatives to support the measure, suggesting the following text:

“Subject: Affirm the 1st Amendment- Co-sponsor H.Res.496

I urge you to support H.Res.496, which affirms the First Amendment-protected right of all Americans to participate in boycotts in pursuit of civil and human rights at home and abroad.

The right to boycott is central to the political expression envisioned by the Founders when the First Amendment was added to the Constitution.

Americans have a long and proud history of boycotts, from the Boston Tea Party to opposing apartheid in South Africa, and that history includes the instrumental Civil Rights Era boycotts which were planned in part by original cosponsor Representative Lewis himself.”

The Global BDS Movement issued a statement, saying it “warmly welcomes the resolution introduced by Congress members Ilhan Omar, Rashida Tlaib and… John Lewis “Affirming that all Americans have the right to participate in boycotts in pursuit of civil and human rights.”

Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI) member Hind Awway issued a statement, saying “(t)his groundbreaking resolution will inspire human rights defenders everywhere including BDS activists for Palestinian rights.”

“It affirms the right of all activists and people of conscience to advocate for human rights through boycotts against systems of oppression.”

“It reassures us that progressives, including in Congress, are defending freedom of expression and the rights of oppressed communities, including Palestinians to peacefully fight for their rights. The defense of those rights is more vital in light of the rise of far-right racism and white supremacy, including Israel’s decades-old apartheid regime.”

The measure is an important statement even though most congressional members strongly support Israel, while disdaining Palestinian rights.

It’s why HR 496 has virtually no chance of becoming the law of the land.

Stephen Lendman’s newest book as editor and contributor is titled Flashpoint in Ukraine: How the US Drive for Hegemony Risks WW III.

Contact at

July 20, 2019 - Posted by | Civil Liberties, Ethnic Cleansing, Racism, Zionism | , , , , ,


  1. I never buy anything from Israel – I didn’t know I might be a one man illegal boycott.

    Comment by GGH | July 20, 2019 | Reply

  2. The Jewish state is one embodiment of RACISM.

    Comment by rediscover911com | July 20, 2019 | Reply

  3. Incrementally, the Zionist juggernaut of Israel and its agents abroad, carry out one theft upon another. It is awide-ranging theft. This theft is of liberty. The benefit is to a country which is not, as it so lyingly proclaims, a democracy. Or anything else it falsely proclaims. Or practice equality for its citizens. Unless they are Jewish, those of its stated religious nation-state.

    How any country would consider trade relationships with such a murderous, thieving country is hard to understand, unless one considers how this is bypassed, as exemplified by the laws as enumerated above in this exposure.

    How is it an ally to the United States? How politicians can clamor to pledge allegiance to it, is also hard to imagine, unless one considers the cowardice in face of threats from the Zionist aligned gangs, or the craven desire for its money as a way to election. Do they have any idea of how Israel is thieving the liberty and freedom of Americans?

    As to these loses, what may appear to be of little consequence, compile. One theft upon another, build. In place, one shackle upon another.

    How stupid to shrug, knowing this thievery, the theft of swearing allegiance to a foreign country, or to comply with restrictions to one’s freedom of choice, for whatever reason.

    How stupid to let this into our government and law.Those doing this are either traitors to their constituents, or they are dual citizens, loyal to Israel. A betrayal to American principles, a betrayal to the American citizen.

    Is it that difficult to recognize?

    Comment by michael | July 21, 2019 | Reply

    • “Those doing this are either traitors to their constituents, or they are dual citizens, loyal to Israel. A betrayal to American principles, a betrayal to the American citizen”.

      How the USA allows “Dual Passport Holders” to sit in their Parliament/Congress is beyond me.
      You CANNOT be loyal to two countries. The Israeli Knesset doesn’t allow dual citizens, or so they say, but, I read recently that Mr Netanyahu is also actually an American citizen, as well as Israeli.

      Google Search “Is Benjamin Netanyahu an American Citizen as well as an Israeli citizen”

      Comment by Brian Harry, Australia | July 21, 2019 | Reply

      • As to dual citizen, a little confusing or perhaps more accurately, Netanyahu was an American citizen and then wasn’t. According to how he wanted things to go for whatever or however it suited his purpose.

        If he becomes an American citizen again in the future, would he be subject to indictment for…

        the list is endless. And that’s in regard for what is known. How about murder? Murder of those aboard the Freedom Flotilla, for certainly an American citizen was among those murdered. How about Rachel Corrie, certainly an American citizen.

        And here’s where Israel and its zealous promoters must be called out for attempting to legalize Israeli crimes. That is, to equate criticism of Israel as anti-Semitic is an attempt to excuse Israeli crimes.

        Imagine how Israel would like to nullify its murderous attack on the USSLiberty? Quash investigations into the attack on the World Trade Center. Or Kennedy’s assassination. Or Jonathan Pollard’s spying. The unsolved murder of any past Palestinian-American activist in America. Or present or future activist. The Israeli ecstasy drug smuggling into the United States. The theft of nuclear weaponry. Any connections to Jeffrey Epstein as an agent of Israel. And on and on. And on and on.

        Imagine what Israel could do if any evidence from investigations of criminal activity by anyone or anything connected to Israel were to be deemed anti-Semitic and therefor that investigation were to be deemed an illegal activity.

        Not so far-fetched, really. Because that’s a natural extension of what’s already in play. Is that what you want, America?

        Comment by michael | July 21, 2019 | Reply

        • Dual loyalty – I wonder if my wife would be amused at that explanation.

          Comment by GGH | July 22, 2019 | Reply

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