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50 Years of Agent Orange

Compensate Victims of US Chemical Warfare in Vietnam

By MARJORIE COHN | CounterPunch | August 10, 2011

Today marks the 50th anniversary of the start of the chemical warfare program in Vietnam without sufficient remedial action by the U.S. government. One of the most shameful legacies of the Vietnam War, Agent Orange continues to poison Vietnam and the people exposed to the chemicals, as well as their offspring. H.R. 2634, the Victims of Agent Orange Relief Act of 2011, which California Congressman Bob Filner just introduced in the House, would provide crucial assistance for social and health services to Vietnamese, Vietnamese-American, and U.S. victims of Agent Orange.

From 1961 to 1971, approximately 19 million gallons of herbicides, primarily Agent Orange, were sprayed over the southern region of Vietnam. Much of it was contaminated with dioxin, a deadly chemical. Dioxin causes various forms of cancers, reproductive illnesses, immune deficiencies, endocrine deficiencies, nervous system damage, and physical and developmental disabilities.

In Vietnam more than three million people, and in the United States thousands of veterans, their children, and Vietnamese-Americans, have been sickened, disabled or died from the effects of Agent Orange/dioxin.

Vietnamese of at least three generations born since the war are now suffering from disabilities due to their parents’ exposure to Agent Orange or from direct exposure in the environment. The organization representing Vietnam’s victims, the Vietnam Association for Victims of Agent Orange/Dioxin, has set up some ‘peace villages’ to care for the severely disabled, but many more such facilities and services are needed. Dioxin residues in the soil, sediment, and food continue to poison many people in 28 “hot spots” in southern Vietnam.

Many U.S. veterans suffer from effects of Agent Orange due to their exposure in Vietnam, as do their children and grandchildren. Vietnamese-Americans exposed directly to Agent Orange and their offspring suffer from the same health conditions.

The bill, which the Vietnamese Agent Orange Relief & Responsibility Campaign assisted Congressman Filner in writing, defines “victim” as “any individual who is a Vietnamese national, Vietnamese-American, or United States veteran who was exposed to Agent Orange, or the progeny of such an individual, and who has a disease or disability associated with this exposure.” In addition to compensating the victims of Agent Orange, H.R. 2634 would also clean up the toxic hot spots in Vietnam.

One provision of the bill would expand programs and research for the benefit of U.S. vets and establish medical centers “designed to address the medical needs of descendants of the veterans of the Vietnam era.” This creates a presumption that certain birth defects that children and grandchildren of exposed victims suffer would be considered the result of contact with Agent Orange.

While the U.S. government has begun to fund environmental cleanup in Vietnam, it has refused to recognize its full responsibility to heal the wounds of war and provide assistance to Vietnamese, Vietnamese-American, and U.S. victims for the serious health and environmental devastation caused by Agent Orange.

There has been some compensation for U.S. veteran victims of Agent Orange, but not nearly enough. In spite of President Richard Nixon’s 1973 promise of $3.25 billion in reconstruction aid to Vietnam “without any preconditions,” the Vietnamese and Vietnamese-American victims of the disgraceful chemical warfare the United States conducted in Vietnam have not seen one penny of compensation.

Fifty years is long enough. It is high time to compensate the victims for this shameful chapter in our history.  H.R. 2634 will go a long way toward doing just that.


Marjorie Cohn is a professor of law at Thomas Jefferson School of Law and co-coordinator of the Vietnam Agent Orange Relief and Responsibility Campaign ( She is the author of Rules of Disengagement.

August 10, 2011 - Posted by | Timeless or most popular, War Crimes

1 Comment

  1. wanna hear a good one about Agent Orange?

    in 2003 I got poisoned by toxic mold and asbestos while working at Lockheed Martin, in Eagan, MN.

    it killed a couple of my co-workers, one was 42 years old and the other was 54. I think my survival depended on my ability to use milk thistle to matriculate the plaques that formed in my lung pleura into being flushed out of my body after they had encapsulated the asbestos, but no physician told me of this, but a good friend who was a good resource on health issues clued me in on how to recover from the toxins and asbestos in my lung pleura, which did form plaques, the primary stage of mesothelioma.

    but as I had purchased the high dollar disability insurance, I thought; “no problemos” and
    though very ill for about six months, I applied for workmans compensation.

    Well, LIBERTY MUTUAL was my workman’s compensation insurer. As I had vietnam service, their asshole stated my lung issues were due to my AGENT ORANGE EXPOSURE IN VIETNAM.

    needless to say, not only did I get retaliatorily FIRED by those pricks at Lockheed, but LIBERTY SCREWYOUALL decided not to pay a cent to me. And it gets better. Even though OSHA came and cited these scum for the ASBESTOS, I was still found INSUBORDINATE by the Snakes of Minnesota and they refused my U.I. bennies.

    moral to the story here: Insurance is not worth the paper it’s printed on. Trust NO GOVERNMENTAL AGENCY.

    and you vets out there with VIETNAM SERVICE, if you spent 24 hours in country, your health care coverage will be null and voided by your insurer, just like mine was.

    how’s that for payback for honorable service in Vietnam? You just cannot trust any goddamned thing in this country. It is all a fucking LIE. Every bit of it.

    I’m alive due to a good friend named Patricia B. in New York, who told me about how to detox after the plaques formed in my lung pleura.

    ten years later I’m still alive, in spite of being told by an incompetent pile of shit at the University of Minnesota that I would be dead in eight years…from mesothelioma.


    and veterans, VIETNAM VETS, if you were in ‘Nam even overnight, you’ll pay a price for that
    you never dreamt in your wildest nightmares would come so many years after your service.

    thank your corrupt scumball government for this. they make it possible for your BEING SCREWED!!!! Goddamned them. GODDAMNED THEM!!!!


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